Saturday, October 15, 2011

[sehat] Digest Number 16271

Messages In This Digest (9 Messages)

1a.
Re: penderita kanker payudara tapi saat ini sedang hamil muda From: dians
1b.
Re: penderita kanker payudara tapi saat ini sedang hamil muda From: angelajessy@gmail.com
2a.
Sel dalam tubuh From: LiNa
2b.
Re: Sel dalam tubuh From: Pamelia Yulianto
2c.
Re: Sel dalam tubuh From: LiNa
2d.
Re: Sel dalam tubuh From: irma-mama zafran
2e.
Re: Sel dalam tubuh From: Laksmi Purwitosari
2f.
Re: Sel dalam tubuh From: Laksmi Purwitosari
3a.
Re: ask : hasil lab was bab berdarah dan berlendir From: indahpsari@yahoo.com

Messages

1a.

Re: penderita kanker payudara tapi saat ini sedang hamil muda

Posted by: "dians" diansmammy@yahoo.com   diansmammy

Sat Oct 15, 2011 1:30 am (PDT)




thanks to all infonya...

tadi sih katanya sdh diperiksakan ke bidan dekat rumahnya utk memastikan dia hamil atau tidak, dan kata bidannya iya hamil antara 3-4 bulann dan hanya diberi vitamin saja tapi sepertinya tdk diinfokan ke bidannya kalo dia penderita kanker.

sepertinya ibu ini tdk pernah konsultasi dg bidan atau Spog ttg kontrasepsi jadi hanya menggunakan sesuai dg kemampuannya saja.

info yg saya dapat dr ipar saya, ibu ini riwayat kankernya didapat dari ibunya yg juga semasa hidupnya menderita kanker payudara. dan selama ini berobat hanya ke puskesmas, tapi karna dia bilang ke dokternya dia tdk mampu kalo menjalani pengobatan seperti yg dianjurkan dokternya jd sampai saat ini hanya menjalani pengobatan rawat jalan di puskesmas utk kankernya tapi sepertinya dokter yg menangani kankernya pun tdk menjelaskan mengenai kontrasepsi yg bisa digunakan.

salam,

dian


1b.

Re: penderita kanker payudara tapi saat ini sedang hamil muda

Posted by: "angelajessy@gmail.com" angelajessy@gmail.com

Sat Oct 15, 2011 2:24 am (PDT)



0000DDDDDDD
Sent from my BlackBerry® smartphone from Sinyal Bagus XL, Nyambung Teruuusss...!

-----Original Message-----
From: piep71@ymail.com
Sender: sehat@yahoogroups.com
Date: Sat, 15 Oct 2011 06:37:36
To: <sehat@yahoogroups.com>
Reply-To: sehat@yahoogroups.com
Subject: Re: [sehat] penderita kanker payudara tapi saat ini sedang hamil muda


» katanya sdh terkena kanker payudara juga menurut dokter, nah si ibu ini sejak juni lalu tdk haid, dia KB dgn minum pil dan tetap minum sampai minggu lalu, baru tadi pagi dia coba tes ternyata hasilnya positif

> Setau saya kalau sudah jelas kena Ca Mammae kan tidak boleh kontrasepsi hormonal ya, ex: Pil KB, Suntik, Susuk , krn katanya malah memicu pertumbuhan kankernya
Maaf mba tidak bisa bantu
CMIIW

Sarica
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Terima kasih & penghargaan sedalam-dalamnya kepada : HBTLaw, PT.Intiland, dan PT. Permata Bank Tbk. yang telah dan konsisten mensponsori program kami, PESAT (Program Edukasi Kesehatan Anak Untuk Orang Tua)."

"Milis SEHAT didukung oleh : CBN Net Internet Access &Website.
=================================================================
Milis Sehat thanks to:
- AIA Insurance as sponsor for PESAT Bali 2011
- PT LG Electronics Indonesia as exclusive partner of FAMILY FUN DAY MILIS SEHAT 2011.

Our biggest gratitude to: HBTLaw, PT. Intiland, and PT. Permata Bank Tbk. who have consistently sponsored our program, PESAT (Program Edukasi Kesehatan Anak Untuk Orang Tua)."
"SEHAT mailing list is supported by CBN Net for Internet Access &Website.

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2a.

Sel dalam tubuh

Posted by: "LiNa" lina.twin09@yahoo.com

Sat Oct 15, 2011 2:25 am (PDT)



Dear doct n sps mau nanya neh, emng bnr y sel dalam tubuh kta ada 30 trilyun?
Penasaran aja bnr nggak ny.

Thx y.




LiNa «Moммy si KeMbaR»
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2b.

Re: Sel dalam tubuh

Posted by: "Pamelia Yulianto" hidupsehat.pam@gmail.com   pamelia_yulianto

Sat Oct 15, 2011 2:38 am (PDT)



Dah gugling n tanya wiki? :) - sol

- p a m e l i a -
"Stop Judging, Start Supporting"

Powered by my children's existance

2c.

Re: Sel dalam tubuh

Posted by: "LiNa" lina.twin09@yahoo.com

Sat Oct 15, 2011 2:49 am (PDT)



Hehehee.... Blum mbak pam. Keyword ny apa kl mau cr?


LiNa «Moммy si KeMbaR»
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2d.

Re: Sel dalam tubuh

Posted by: "irma-mama zafran" irmayantidwilestari@yahoo.com   irmayantidwilestari

Sat Oct 15, 2011 2:51 am (PDT)



Coba ketik aja 'jumlah sel dalam tubuh' gitu.. :)


-irma♡mama zafran-
Sent from my whiteberry
Powered by ♡ luvly husby ♡

-----Original Message-----
From: "LiNa" <lina.twin09@yahoo.com>
Sender: sehat@yahoogroups.com
Date: Sat, 15 Oct 2011 09:55:55
To: Sehat<sehat@yahoogroups.com>
Reply-To: sehat@yahoogroups.com
Subject: Re: [sehat] Sel dalam tubuh

Hehehee.... Blum mbak pam. Keyword ny apa kl mau cr?


LiNa «Moммy si KeMbaR»
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[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

2e.

Re: Sel dalam tubuh

Posted by: "Laksmi Purwitosari" laksmipurwitosari@yahoo.com   laksmipurwitosari

Sat Oct 15, 2011 3:16 am (PDT)



Dear All,
Maha besar Allah yang telah menciptakan manusia dan seluruh isi alam semesta raya ini.

http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/cells.html
The human body is made up of trillions of cells.

Dan Allah juga telah menciptakan manusia dengan sistem tubuh yang masing masing memiliki fungsi dan peranan yang saling mendukung.

Contohnya sistem saraf,

Bayangkan jika kita tidak memiliki sistema nervosum yang membentuk otak sebagai pusat dari central nervous system dan saraf tepi yang tidak kalah penting peranannya, manusia tidak ada bedanya dengan makhluk ciptaan Allah lainnya, seperti hewan dan tumbuhan.

Sistem saraf bekerja saling terintegrasi, sebagai contoh, proses melihat (visual) tidak banyak disadari kompleksitas kerjanya, apabila kita tidak sedang mengalami suatu penyakit yang mengenainya mulai dari sel saraf penerima input stimulasi sampai sel saraf diotak yang bertugas mempersepsikan stimulasi.

Berbagai macam bentuk dan ukuran sel saraf, dengan berbagai cara kerjanya,
Semakin kita memahami ilmu pengetahuan, semakin tinggi pula syukur kita pada Sang Pencipta.

The Cells of the nervous system, called nerve cells or neurons, are specialized to carry "messages" through an electrochemical process. The human brain has approximately 100 billion neurons. To learn how neurons carry messages, read about theaction potential.

Neurons come in many different shapes and sizes. Some of the smallest neurons have cell bodies that are only 4 microns wide. Some of the biggest neurons have cell bodies that are 100 microns wide. (Remember that 1 micron is equal to one thousandth of a millimeter!).

Neurons are similar to other cells in the body because:

Neurons are surrounded by a cell membrane.
Neurons have a nucleus that contains genes.
Neurons contain cytoplasm, mitochondria and other organelles.
Neurons carry out basic cellular processes such as protein synthesis and energy production.
However, neurons differ from other cells in the body because:

Neurons have specialized extensions called dendrites and axons. Dendrites bring information to the cell body and axons take information away from the cell body.
Neurons communicate with each other through an electrochemical process.
Neurons contain some specialized structures (for example, synapses) and chemicals (for example, neurotransmitters).
The Neuron

One way to classify neurons is by the number of extensions that extend from the neuron's cell body (soma).

Bipolar neurons have two processes extending from the cell body (examples: retinal cells, olfactory epithelium cells).

Pseudounipolar cells (example: dorsal root ganglion cells). Actually, these cells have 2 axons rather than an axon and dendrite. One axon extends centrally toward the spinal cord, the other axon extends toward the skin or muscle.

Multipolar neurons have many processes that extend from the cell body. However, each neuron has only one axon (examples: spinal motor neurons, pyramidal neurons, Purkinje cells).

Neurons can also be classified by the direction that they send information.

Sensory (or afferent) neurons: send information from sensory receptors (e.g., in skin, eyes, nose, tongue, ears) TOWARD the central nervous system.
Motor (or efferent) neurons: send information AWAY from the central nervous system to muscles or glands.
Interneurons: send information between sensory neurons and motor neurons. Most interneurons are located in the central nervous system.

Semoga berkenan
Laksmi Purwitosari

[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

2f.

Re: Sel dalam tubuh

Posted by: "Laksmi Purwitosari" laksmipurwitosari@yahoo.com   laksmipurwitosari

Sat Oct 15, 2011 3:23 am (PDT)



Dear all,
Semakin kita memahami ilmu pengetahuan, terutama anatomi dan fisiologi tubuh manusia, semakin tiada hentinya kita bersyukur pada Sang Pencipta.

http://vadim.oversigma.com/MAS862/Project.html

Human Body

Total number of cells 6*1013
Genetic code 6*109 base pairs or 1.5GByte (only 3% or 45 MBytes of that is active)
Summated length of chromosome DNA chains in all cells 1.2*1014m (4.6 light days)
Chromosome copy operations (prenatal + 1st year) >40 TBytes/s or 1,000,000 Ultra Wide SCSIs
Power consumption (adult) 90-100 Watts (2,000 kilocalories/day) 1.6 pW/cell
We can think about the human body as a self-organized collective of clones of a single fertilized egg cell. Each cell of the human body is an elaborate bio-chemical computer. It has its own power management and information processing structures. It communicates with its neighbors and the environment. Each cell is an individual organism. Under certain conditions it may live outside of the collective. Most cells have a complete copy of the genetic information and theoretically are capable of recreating the whole human body.

The magnitude of information processing activity inside the human body is amazing. The cell reproduction processes require terabytes of chromosome DNA information to be copied every second within the body. Besides, the protein formation and other functions in cells can be several orders of magnitude more information-intensive.

Power consumption of a single cell corresponds to about 107 chemical reactions per second.

Human Brain

Number of neurons (adult)* 20,000,000,000 - 50,000,000,000
Number of neurons in cerebral cortex (adult)* about 20,000,000,000 (some sources have incorrect number 8,000,000)
Number of synapses (adult) 1014 (2,000-5,000 per neuron)
Weight Birth 0.3 kg, 1 y/o 1 kg, puberty 1.3 kg, adult 1.5 kg
Power consumption (adult) 20-40 Watts (0.5-4 nW/neuron)
Percentage of body 2% weight, 0.04-0.07% cells, 20-44% power consumption
Genetic code influence 1 bit per 10,000-1,000,000 synapses
Atrophy/death of neurons 50,000 per day (between ages 20 and 75)
Sleep requirement (adult) average 7.5 hours/day or 31%
Normal operating temperature 37±2°C
Maximum firing frequency of neuron 250-2,000 Hz (0.5-4 ms intervals)
Signal propagation speed inside axon 90 m/s sheathed, <0.1 m/s unsheathed
Processing of complex stimuli 0.5s or 100-1,000 firings
*The main source of these numbers is the article [1] by Pakkenberg & Gundersen. The authors estimate that an average human brain has 21.5 billion neocortical neurons with a 95% tolerance limit of + or -38%. They have a more precise estimate with sex, age, neocortical surface and volume taken into account. According to other sources there are more neocortical neurons than other neurons in the human brain. That gives us a very rough top estimate of 40-50 billion. Unfortunately, I could not find a more accurate and believable estimate of the total number of neurons. 100 billion is a nice round number used in most sources...

The brain consists of interconnected neurons which exchange signals with each other and with the rest of the body cells. There are at least three different signaling mechanisms. Two of the mechanisms are based on ion-flow (electronic) pulses sent along axons. Those signals can either be received directly as ion current arriving to a receiving neuron's dendrite or through a more complicated neurotransmitter mechanism. Some neurons can also produce or receive special chemical tags transported though the blood flow.

The total information processing activity of the brain is hard to estimate because the current knowledge in this area is fragmentary. However, it is possible to get a general picture of the electronic pulse exchange activity within a couple of orders of magnitude. The activity of the brain is equivalent to that of 1000 kHz processor with 40 Gbits of states. The corresponding processing power (channel capacity) is C=4*1013 bit/s. The minimum necessary power to perform the computations is P=C k T log e, where k is Boltzmann constant and T is the temperature (310 K). So P=1.2*10-7 W. If we assume that brain only needs the energy to perform the computations, the efficiency is about 10-8 of the physical limit.

The neurons require several orders of magnitude more power than the other cells. Therefore, we can assume that most of the power goes to the information processing activity. 0.4-4 nW corresponds to roughly 1010 chemical reactions per second or to at least 107 chemical reactions per firing.

Fig.1 Human cortical neuron

An electronic equivalent of the cortical neuron would have 2,500+ pins. The dendrite inputs are connected to axon inputs of other neurons. All pins must be able to change their length and move around. The behavior of the neuron itself is more complicated than sending an axon pulse after receiving signal at a dendrite.

Intel Pentium 4 1.5GHz

Number of transistors 4.2*107
Power consumption up to 55 Watts
Weight 0.1 kg cartridge w/o fans, 0.3 kg with fan/heatsink
Maximum firing frequency 1.5 GHz
Normal operating temperature 15-85°C
Sleep requirement 0 (if not overheated/overclocked)
Processing of complex stimuli if can be done, takes a long time
The power consumption of the Pentium 4 may exceed that of the human brain. That explains why Pentium cooling systems are getting close in size to the human head.

The number of transistors in 500 Pentiums is roughly the same as the number of neurons in cerebral cortex. The firing frequency is 1,000,000 times higher in the Pentium. Transistors are less sophisticated than neurons. For example, transistors cannot move and change connections.

References

Neocortical neuron number in humans: Effect of sex and age / B. Pakkenberg, H. Gundersen 1997
An introduction to genetic analysis. / Anthony Griffiths [et al.] 1993
Molecular evolutionary genetics. / Masatoshi Nei 1987
Role of excessive genetic information in evolution. / Vadim Gerasimov 1995
Wisconsin's Biotechnology and Food Handbook / Tom Zinnen and Jane Voichick
Human Molecular Genetics / Weber, W. and Wong, C. 1993
Molecular Evolution: Computer Analysis of Protein and Nucleic Acid Sequences. / R. F. Doolittle 1990
Controlling Computers with Neural Signals/ Hugh S. Lusted and R. Benjamin Knapp, Scientific American October 1996
Signal entropy and the thermodynamics of computation / Neil Gershenfeld 1996
Encyclopedia Britannica - www.eb.com
Various WWW sources…
Generalized electromechanical modeling of bioenergetic systems. / S.V.Gandilyan [et al.] 1997
Efficiency function of human and monkey brain applicable to robotic pattern recognition. / Z. Shen, J. Hua 1997
Orchestrated reduction of quantum coherence in brain microtubules: a model for consciousness. / S. Hameroff, R. Penrose 1997
Intelligent machines. / Hans P. Moravec 1977
The mind and the brain. / Jeffrey M. Schwartz 2002
Neuroscience: exploring the brain. / Mark F Bear, Barry Connors, and Michael Paradiso 2006

Laksmi Purwitosari

[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

3a.

Re: ask : hasil lab was bab berdarah dan berlendir

Posted by: "indahpsari@yahoo.com" indahpsari@yahoo.com   indahpsari

Sat Oct 15, 2011 2:31 am (PDT)



Terima kasih doc Anto and SP's yg sudah memberi ilmunya.. Maaf baru bisa bales... Sudah 2nd opinion and menurut doc memang mengarah ke disentri karena shigella kalau dari gejalanya dan obatnya mmg kotrimetazol... Terima kasih pencerahannya.. Smoga anak saya cepat sembuh... Amien.. -indah-
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Milis SEHAT mengucapkan terimakasih kepada:
- Asuransi AIA atas partisipasinya sebagai sponsor PESAT Bali 2011
- PT LG Electronics Indonesia atas partisipasinya sebagai Sponsor Tunggal FAMILY FUN DAY MILIS SEHAT 2011.

Terima kasih & penghargaan sedalam-dalamnya kepada : HBTLaw, PT.Intiland, dan PT. Permata Bank Tbk. yang telah dan konsisten mensponsori program kami, PESAT (Program Edukasi Kesehatan Anak Untuk Orang Tua)."

"Milis SEHAT didukung oleh : CBN Net Internet Access &Website.
=================================================================
Milis Sehat thanks to:
- AIA Insurance as sponsor for PESAT Bali 2011
- PT LG Electronics Indonesia as exclusive partner of FAMILY FUN DAY MILIS SEHAT 2011.

Our biggest gratitude to: HBTLaw, PT. Intiland, and PT. Permata Bank Tbk. who have consistently sponsored our program, PESAT (Program Edukasi Kesehatan Anak Untuk Orang Tua)."
"SEHAT mailing list is supported by CBN Net for Internet Access &Website.

Kunjungi kami di (Visit us at):
Official Web : http://milissehat.web.id/
FB           : http://www.facebook.com/pages/Milissehat/131922690207238
Twitter      : @milissehat <http://twitter.com/milissehat/>
==================================================================
Donasi (donation):
Rekening Yayasan Orang Tua Peduli
Bank Mandiri
Cabang Kemang Raya Jakarta
Account Number: 126.000.4634514
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